Rules for a good preservation of wine
There are many suggestions around the wine lovers about how to preserve the bottles of wine in the wineries in the best way to keep them perfect and to protect their natural development.
One of the main rules to preserve wines in the right way is to keep them at a constant mild temperature with a good humidity and in a dark room.
The ideal temperature
Generally the ideal temperature to preserve wine is of 12° even if for particular types of wine it slow down their aging. In particular, the wines that shouldn’t be preserved at a low temperature of 12° are the one with a high alcoholic volume and the red ones rich in tannins. A slight seasonal oscillation that can vary between 14 and 18 degrees, general, allow to the wine to evaporate in a more harmonious way. For Champagne wine and white wines it is preferable that the maximum temperature of 17-18°: a higher temperature in fact will just accelerate the process of maturation. What we have to avoid absolutely is the jump of temperature, both up and down
Darkness and humidity
Talking about darkness, it is true that it is preferable to preserve them in a dark room, but it is important to highlight that the daylight doesn’t cause ricks for wines.
The most important parameter in the preservation of wine is humidity: the higher it is, the slower the wine evolves. Thus, it is preferable a very humid room: for many types of wine the humidity is even more important than the temperature.
The only problem is that with a 80% of humidity the labels of the bottles can be ruined, but it is something easy to solve with film around the bottle; it will protect the bottles for more than 10 years.
The noise and the smell can influence the wine?
Talking about the noise, it is important to not exaggerate. Generally the vibration can disturb the evolution of the wine, but you don’t have to be too maniacal in this sense. It is better to preserve wine in a silent space, for instance not near underground stations, but the normal vibrations won’t damage the products.
Moreover, another trick to keep in mind is to keep the wine away form strong smells, like smell of paint, solvent or chemical elements close to the bottles. Apart from them, other smells don’t affect the wine, thus it can live together with other food.
Finally, to preserve the flexibility of the corks of the bottle it is better to keep the bottles horizontally so the wine can stay in contact with the cork, but if you preserve the bottle in a humid environment the humidity avoid the exsiccation of the cork.